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From Pride and Prejudice (Jane Austen)

Published onFeb 12, 2024
From Pride and Prejudice (Jane Austen)
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Pride and Prejudice


Introduction

Pride and Prejudice, which Austen referred to as ‘my own darling child’, was begun in 1796 under the title First Impressions. Austen was the same age as the novel’s heroine, Elizabeth Bennet, when she began the story, and it was the first of her novels to be completed, being offered to a publisher in 1797 by her father. The publisher rejected the book before even seeing the manuscript, but Austen continued to read the story to her friends and family, for whom it remained a favourite. The title was taken from Frances Burney’s 1782 novel Cecilia. It is a romantic novel and a comedy of manners that centres on the five Bennet sisters and their quest to secure good marriages; as Mr Bennet has no son, his property will go to his nearest male relative on his death, and so at least one of the daughters has to marry a rich man to provide for the rest of the family. Elizabeth Bennet is one of the most memorable heroines in fiction, and the novel’s humour comes from watching the characters navigate the restrictive world of manners and money in Georgian England as they search for love and marriage.

By Emily Bell



From Chapter 1

It is a truth universally acknowledged, that a single man in possession of a good fortune, must be in want of a wife.1

However little known the feelings or views of such a man may be on his first entering a neighbourhood, this truth is so well fixed in the minds of the surrounding families, that he is considered the rightful property of some one or other of their daughters.

 “My dear Mr. Bennet,”2 said his lady to him one day, “have you heard that Netherfield Park3 is let at last?”

 Mr. Bennet replied that he had not.

“But it is,” returned she; “for Mrs. Long has just been here, and she told me all about it.”

Mr. Bennet made no answer.

“Do you not want to know who has taken it?” cried his wife impatiently.

“You want to tell me, and I have no objection to hearing it.”

This was invitation enough.

“Why, my dear, you must know, Mrs. Long says that Netherfield is taken by a young man of large fortune from the north of England; that he came down4 on Monday in a chaise and four5 to see the place, and was so much delighted with it, that he agreed with Mr. Morris immediately; that he is to take possession before Michaelmas,6 and some of his servants are to be in the house by the end of next week.”

“What is his name?”

“Bingley.”

“Is he married or single?”

“Oh! Single, my dear, to be sure! A single man of large fortune; four or five thousand a year.7 What a fine thing for our girls!”

“How so? How can it affect them?”

“My dear Mr. Bennet,” replied his wife, “how can you be so tiresome! You must know that I am thinking of his marrying one of them.”

“Is that his design in settling here?”

“Design! Nonsense, how can you talk so! But it is very likely that he may fall in love with one of them, and therefore you must visit him as soon as he comes.”

“I see no occasion for that. You and the girls may go, or you may send them by themselves, which perhaps will be still better, for as you are as handsome as any of them, Mr. Bingley may like you the best of the party.”

“My dear, you flatter me. I certainly have had my share of beauty, but I do not pretend to be anything extraordinary now. When a woman has five grown-up daughters, she ought to give over thinking of her own beauty.”

“In such cases, a woman has not often much beauty to think of.”

“But, my dear, you must indeed go and see Mr. Bingley when he comes into the neighbourhood.”

“It is more than I engage for, I assure you.”

“But consider your daughters. Only think what an establishment8 it would be for one of them. Sir William and Lady Lucas9 are determined to go, merely on that account, for in general, you know, they visit no newcomers. Indeed you must go, for it will be impossible for us to visit him if you do not.”10

“You are over-scrupulous, surely. I dare say Mr. Bingley will be very glad to see you; and I will send a few lines by you to assure him of my hearty consent to his marrying whichever he chooses of the girls; though I must throw in a good word for my little Lizzy.”

 “I desire you will do no such thing. Lizzy is not a bit better than the others; and I am sure she is not half so handsome as Jane, nor half so good-humoured as Lydia. But you are always giving her the preference.”

“They have none of them much to recommend them,” replied he; “they are all silly and ignorant like other girls; but Lizzy has something more of quickness than her sisters.”

“Mr. Bennet, how can you abuse your own children in such a way? You take delight in vexing me. You have no compassion for my poor nerves.”11

 “You mistake me, my dear. I have a high respect for your nerves. They are my old friends. I have heard you mention them with consideration these last twenty years at least.”

Footnotes by Emily Bell

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